Lordosis is a lordotic posture that can cause many issues in the back and neck. It also affects the way we feel, leading to anxiety and depression. This blog post will discuss lordosis causes, effects of lordosis on the body, and exercises for lordotic posture.
Your spine isn’t supposed to be straight. A healthy spine has three gentle curves–two forward-bending in the neck and lower back curves known as lordosis, and another called kyphosis in the upper back that arches outward. These curves help your spine absorb shock, keep your body stable, and support the head.
Although lordosis can be a good thing for your back, too much of it can cause trouble. When you have hyperlordosis (a type of lordosis), which is less common but still possible, side effects such as numbness and pain and in the legs are common. Here are a few ways to figure out if your lordosis is excessive.
What Is Lordosis?
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Lordosis is an excessive inward curve of the spine. This condition differs from the natural curves in human spines, which are to a degree either lordotic (near the low back) or kyphotic (near the neck). The spine’s natural curve should support the head over the pelvis. These shapes provide an energy-absorbing cushion during movement.
Different Types of Lordosis
Lordosis is a condition found in any age group. Primarily, affect the lower portion of the spine (lumbar) and neck (cervical). When lordosis is located in the low back, it may look like a person has a swayback and an exaggerated posture. Lumbar lordosis can also be painful and can inhibit your movement.
Lordosis of the Lower Back
Most cases of lordosis occur in the lower back. Someone with back lordosis can lie on a flat surface and have space between their lower back and the surface. Although low back discomfort is common among persons with lordosis, the ailment does not immediately cause the pain. Instead, it usually originates from other factors surrounding it, such as trunk weakness, short hamstrings, and weak thighs.
Lordosis of the Neck
Lordosis of the neck, often known as cervical lordosis, is a type of back pain that is less frequent than lower back lordosis but still occurs. It may produce a “swayback” neck, and the curve does not compress any vertebrae or nerves at times. However, the curve does imply that the neck muscles will work even harder, which can induce neck discomfort, spasms, and restricted mobility.
Common Causes of Lordosis
Spinal misalignment can be caused by various diseases, some of which may compromise the spine’s structural integrity and promote lordosis. Some of the most common reasons include:
- Discitis is an inflammation of the disc space between two vertebrae.
- Kyphosis (a humpback) may lead the low back to compensate for the imbalance produced by a curve or spine occurring at a higher level of the spine.
- Obesity can cause some people to lean backward in order to maintain balance. This has an unfavorable influence on posture.
- Osteoporosis is a bone density disease that causes vertebrae to lose strength, putting the spine’s structural integrity at risk.
- Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one vertebra slips forward relative to another, usually the lumbar spine.
Medical treatment is not always required for every lordosis. Medical evaluation is necessary when the curve is rigid.
Lordosis in Children
Children can also develop lordosis. Lordosis may be present from birth or can occur due to poor posture, illness, or hip dysfunction, according to Dr. Gbolahan Okubadejo of the New York City area spinal and orthopedic surgeon. Many children with lordosis will appear to have a “swayback” and might be unable to press their lower back down when they lie down. While the majority of lordosis cases in children are hereditary, adults usually acquire lordosis as a result of obesity or bone density reduction, according to Dr. Okubadejo.
Lordosis in Pregnant Women
Pregnant women, especially those in their first pregnancy, are a particularly susceptible population to lordosis, according to Dr. Okubadejo. He claims that one-third of all pregnant women will suffer from severe lordosis.
“According to Dr. Okubadejo, “In most situations, if you have had lordosis for a long time, it will return once you become pregnant owing to your spine attempting to compensate for the extra weight in the front of your body.” A mother with back pain and mobility issues due to lordosis will go away after delivery.”
The baby is not harmed by lordosis.
Symptoms of Lordosis
Lordosis throws off the precise structure and alignment of the rest of the spine, as well as the entire body’s, forcing muscles and tendons to work harder to provide support. That’s why pain in the neck or lower back is one of the most common symptoms of lordosis.
Other symptoms can include:
- Bladder incontinence
The diagnosis of lordosis is straightforward. According to Dr. Okubadejo, a doctor will start by doing a physical examination in which they look for abnormal inward curvature of the spine or lack of mobility. A physician will most likely ask X-Rays of the patient’s lateral profile and front and back.
When To Visit a Doctor for Lordosis
“If you bend over and your spine no longer curves inwards, there is less cause for concern,” Dr. Okubadejo says. “However, if any movement cannot reverse the curve or you experience tingling or numbness in your lower body, you should contact a health care provider.
Fortunately, you don’t have to live with a curved spine for the rest of your life if you get treatment for lordosis. These therapies may include:
- Multiple sessions of physical therapy, on a weekly basis, to help strengthen and improve range of motion
- To alleviate discomfort and pain, anti-inflammatory medications are used.
- A back brace is used to prevent the curvature of the spine from getting worse for kids and teens.
- In the most severe cases of lordosis, a spinal surgeon may need to operate in order to guarantee that no neurological issues are worsened.
Aside from these therapy procedures, there are ways to eliminate lordosis.
““Poor posture is a common cause of lordosis,” Dr. Okubadejo adds. “Keep your shoulders up and back and chest out if you are trying to avoid lordosis.”
He also claims that maintaining a healthy weight and doing core-strengthening exercises can relieve pressure on your spine, noting that lordosis may be caused by accident. In such circumstances, physical therapy is required.
Lordosis Prevention Exercises
Dr. Okubadejo also discusses his favorite exercises to avoid and cure lordosis, as well as their procedures:
- Cat-Cow: To help strengthen the abdominal muscles and stretch the spine, perform this exercise once a day for 2 minutes. To complete cat-cow, put your hands and knees on the floor in a tabletop posture. Inhale for 10 seconds and drop your spine to the ground, forming an upwards U. Then, exhale and push your spine upright, making an upside-down U shape.
- Bent-Knee Exercise: Lie down on the floor with your legs straight, and knees bent upwards. Put your hands at your sides and inhales for ten seconds. Finally, breathe out and sink your pelvis to the ceiling, then hold this posture for ten seconds. This posture can assist reduce lower back pain and some of the lordosis inward curvature. This exercise should be done once a day for 2 minutes at a time.
There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all approach to lordosis, and no two people are affected in the same way. If you are suffering from lordosis, make an appointment with a medical specialist for a treatment plan that suits your body.